Render SVG Charts Server-side with D3.js
It’s common to use d3.js to render svg charts on the client-side. With the d3 node module you can render svg charts on the server-side as well. The d3 node module uses jsdom to simulate the browser’s Document Object Model (DOM) which allows for d3 selectors to work on the server-side.
Running D3 on the server with Node.js is pretty easy. You can reuse most of your client-side d3 code on the server. The only tricky part is integrating d3 widgets into your server-side views.
Install the d3 node module using npm:
npm install d3. The d3 node module uses jsdom which requires a C++ compiler. Read more about this dependency here: https://github.com/tmpvar/jsdom#contextify
After you get d3 installed you can require it like any other node module:
I recommend using the reusable chart design pattern for your charts: http://bost.ocks.org/mike/chart/. This modular pattern works great on the client and on the server. Since the reusable chart pattern is just a function you can assign it directly to module.exports:
My demo app uses the express.js web framework with the ejs templating engine. I want to be able to integrate my D3 chart widgets into my view templates. I accomplished this by appending my chart widget to the jsdom and then getting it’s outerHTML value and rendering it in my ejs template:
To see this code in action download my d3-server-side-demo express.js app here: https://github.com/gregjopa/d3-server-side-demo